Theft is defined generally as wrongfully taking or controlling property or services of another, while intending to deprive the owner of the property or services. It can be a defense to a charge of theft if the property/service was obtained openly, and there was a claim of ownership made in good faith (even though the claim is ultimately untenable).
There are various degrees of theft, depending on the value or nature of the items/property stolen.
Theft in the First Degree is a Class B felony. It involves the theft of property or services valued at more than five thousand dollars in value (other than a firearm). It also includes:
Theft of property of any value (other than a firearm or motor vehicle) which is "taken from the person" of another; or
A search and rescue dog, while the dog is on duty; or
Metal wire, taken from a public service company orconsumer-owned utility (when the costs of the damage exceed $5,000).
Theft in the Second Degree is a Class C felony. It involves the theft of property or services which are valued over seven hundred fifty dollars in value, up to five thousand dollars in value (other than a firearm or motor vehicle). It also includes:
Certain public records, writings, and instruments; or
Metal wire, taken from a public service company or consumer-owned utility (when the costs of the damage exceed $750 but do not exceed $5,000); or
An "access device" (e.g. a card, plate, code, account number) used to obtain money, goods, services, or initiate certain transfers of funds.
Theft in the Third Degree involves the theft of property or services which are valued at no more than seven hundred fifty dollars in value, or ten or more merchandise pallets or beverage crates.
Theft of a Firearm is a Class B felony.
There are other specific charges for unique thefts involving livestock, mail, and financial/identification items; as well as other items.